Tags: zoom adsl x3 5760

08/04/13

  12:25:00 pm, by The Dreamer   , 633 words  
Categories: Software, Computer, Networking

Apparently my dd-wrt does loopback now

A couple months ago I asked if mosh could be made to work if the mosh-server IP changes when roaming between networks.

Years ago, I used to have routers that did 'loopback', but haven't had ones capable of it for sometime...or so I thought. Though I hadn't really had a major need for it. Except perhaps for mosh.

mosh, MObile SHell, is an ssh replacement that supports roaming and intermittent connectivity. Since I do my IRC using irssi in screen, running all the time on a server at home. This makes staying connected to IRC on my laptop much nicer. I can close my laptop, and later open it and it'll still be connected to my screen session.

The problem was when I came home, I'd be unable to recover the connection correctly and the client goes into an unrecoverable state, so that even if I later use my laptop on an outside network the mosh session won't resume.

But, today I opened my laptop (and I just realized that I didn't do what I had intended to do) and I just minimized the window out the of the way...even though it probably wouldn't recover on Monday at work. But, the dock icon showed that something wanted my attention....probably mosh-client giving up? No. Well, my nick had come up a couple of times yesterday, but it shouldn't have known that....but not really thinking, I switch to the channel. And, it does. I switch around and its working. Wait...it shouldn't be though! :!:

So what changed? I do a tcpdump and see that it is connecting to my WAN IP and getting responses from my WAN IP....'loopback' never worked for me though....

:idea: Perhaps its 'loopback' of port forwards that has never worked....

I had moved irssi from box to dbox a while back. The router has two port forwards set related to this to box, a single port TCP forward and port range UDP forward.

But, because my other router is running stock firmware, it has a limited number of port forwards...so as I was migrating services to cbox (and using nginx to reverse proxy web services on other systems on my home network, where those that use a webserver are using apache, including local services...such as cacti on cbox and nagios on dbox), I decided that I would just make cbox the DMZ host...start running host based firewalls at home, especially on this host (it also uses an IP alias...kind of like how we do hosts behind the BigIP at work &#59;D )

So that means no port forward(s) for my dd-wrt router for WAN to dbox....so I guess the NAT allows 'loopback'ng in this case.

Wonder if the same applies to my other router.

The only problem this causes is that I had plans to replace routers. I actually have a new router to replace the current stock router....though I haven't got anything that really needs to speed upgrade to 802.11ac yet in the room where I using wireless bridging. I also had plans to replace my dd-wrt router, which had started getting unreliable which they seem to do after a while....though it seems to have helped after I deleted old traffic data....

Full story »

04/18/13

  12:47:00 pm, by The Dreamer   , 1259 words  
Categories: Software, Networking, AT&T DSL, Broadband, CFEngine

Zoom ADSL X3 5760 & Cacti

It was a dark and stormy...late afternoon...yesterday, and....

I had started out almost 7 years ago with a Siemens 4100 DSL Modem, which worked the way I needed it to for my home network. And, wasn't sure how easy it would be to find another like it. I was running it in the cross between router and bridge mode...so that my router could maintain my dyndns info (though it wasn't too long after that I moved that to ddclient on box, which has been more reliable...but I was having ddclient scrape from the router, though the ddclient for the router on my Cox connection wasn't supported so that uses checkip.dyndns.org. So, now both do.

Would probably be too much work to make ddclient go out on the right IP so that ip route will send it to the DSL router, so it can query the DSL modem for what the real external IP is. Though the new cbox/dbox setup would simplify things....but the migration has stalled as I've been working on getting cacti moved from box...and it hasn't been going well. Lots of old templates and such don't work on the new, so I've been reworking what I feel I can't live without....

That includes the graphs of my DSL modem stats....

Anyways....when the Siemens 4100 started dropping the connection a lot (around the 3 year mark) and changing the filter didn't help, I had heard that these things wear out... So, I tracked down a new Siemens 4100 on eBay...and switched to that....and that got things working again.... Then a couple years ago, things go bad consistently....though I could see from my cacti graphs that SNR drops in the evening. Though I wasn't able to get local service to restore/fix things. I tried the AT&T forum on dslreports.com, and they changed me to Interleaved, which helped....

But, I had started shopping around for a new DSL modem.... somewhere in my journey's I acquired a Zoom ADSL X3 5760 Modem. But, since things were working...I put it aside as my spare for when things stop. Seems I've had it so long that its no longer available....got it July 9, 2012 according to Amazon.com

For a while now, it would drop the connection now and then during the week (between its weekly self-reboot)...at first I suspected the router, since its twin had gone away in much the same way several months earlier. Though the router do also have failsafe configured, so if it can't talk (ping) to box or the WAN gateway...it reboots. Though at some point AT&T made their gateways unpingable. So, it was pinging google.

But, on April 6 it got really bad....my IRC connection was resetting practically constantly. Though since I had swapped the router before, and swapped it again. Though maybe now I wonder if its watchdog was too aggressive. Things were usable, but the line drops would be annoying. Also the IP staying the same through drops didn't make me question the DSL modem.

But, then on April 13, things start getting really bad....and I was getting 50+ messages a day from ddclient that my IP changed. It seemed to stablize a bit on Monday....though it was still dropping regular enough that I switched to using Cox for my IRC screen session. Was going to defer to the weekend to make the swap.

Well, yesterday the weather was bad...lots of lightning, rain....and I first display I looked at when I got home said "NO INTERNET". Though it was probably a temporary outage, because it did appear to eventually come back while I was working on unboxing my 'new' DSL modem. And, try to figure out how to set it up without the Windows wizard it provides or the lack of documentation with it...there was a small CD, which didn't really provide much depth....but I found what IP it would be and that it has web interface....it also has a telnet interface and an FTP interface.

Anyways...it turned out to be pretty straight forward getting it working...the hard part was figuring out what the non-default options meant, and whether I would want them.... the main one I turned on was "fullcone NAT". And, I set my router in with a reserved IP and made it DMZ host, so I can keep all my forwards there...plus the Zoom is limited to 16, which isn't enough .... though this may change when I make use of its DMZ feature as well (doing reverse proxy on cbox/dbox to everywhere else on my home network...running firewall on these boxes already, to implement policy based routing.) And, enabling ICMP on the WAN interface (its also possible to enable http, ftp and telnet on the WAN interface as well.)

Getting it working in Cacti again, turned out to be much harder.

Full story »

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Now instead of subjecting some poor random forum to a long rambling thought, I will try to consolidate those things into this blog where they can be more easily ignored profess to be collected thoughts from my mind.

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